After childbirth, at least 80% of women experience a mild depression characterized by feelings of sadness, tiredness, anxiety or worry. However, this anxiety is usually a temporary state. With 20%, the same thing does not happen. This percentage of women may experience a postpartum depressive disorder, which is nothing more than a mood disorder. This can occur immediately after giving birth or even up to a year later.
Symptoms of postpartum depression
Among the main symptoms of postpartum depression include sad, hopeless or empty, worry excessively or be overly anxious, cry frequently and for no apparent reason, feel irritable, moody or restless, among many other things.
The exact causes of this disorder are not known. However, it is believed that the hormonal changes that women undergo during and after pregnancy negatively affect their mood. But it’s not just about hormones. There are also other factors that could affect the mood of the woman in that period such as changes in the body as a result of pregnancy and childbirth, less time and freedom, lack of sleep, among other things.
All women are prone to postpartum depression but risk factors increase for those under 20, who consume alcohol or illegal substances, if pregnancy was not planned, for those who suffered a stressful event during pregnancy, among other things.